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Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti

Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti 1 (Russian: Комитет Государственной Безопасности), commonly abbreviated to KGB (КГБ), was the national security agency of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1954 to 1991. Following WWII, it was established in 1954 as the successor to the Cheka, the NKGB and the MGB. The KGB existed alongside the Foreign Military Intelligence Service GRU.

It was a military service that dealt with foreign intelligence, operative-investigatory activities, guarding the borders of the USSR and guarding the interests of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the KGB was split into the Federal Security Service (FSB) and the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR).

During the Cold War, the KGB was notorious for espionage and covert actvities in many countries world-wide, often under the disguise and protection of the local Soviet Embassy. Although the KGB was known to carry out such operations frequently, it is possible that activities of other Soviet agencies, like the GRU, are falsely attributed to the KGB.
Orginal emblem of the KGB. Image via Wikipedia [1].

  1. Translated: Committee for State Security.

KGB equipment on this website
Fialka (M-125) cipher machine M-105 AGAT Minox miniature and subminiature cameras Tochka-58 and Tochka-58M subminiature clockwork cameras used by the KGB (Russian variant of the Minox-A) Russian Photo Sniper (Foto Snaiper) with 300 mm telephoto lens used by the KGB Russian Krasnogorsk F-21 spy camera used by the KGB for a variety of applications Soviet covert observation camera with spring mechanism Miniature electronic covert surveillance camera
Commercial rollover camera, also used by the KGB High-volume covert surveillance camera Yolka S-64 (a.k.a. Yolochka, Elka and Yelka) Fixed-distance compact reproduction camera S-112 (C-112) Small portable document copier Kiev miniature cameras JASEN (S-270) Forensic infrared viewer Travel kit with concealment area for passport and OTP
Small OTP booklet used by the USSR and the DDR during the Cold War
Tensor 4-piece spy radio set (USSR) PR-56A receiver Rion spy radio set R-350 / Orel (Eagle) R-350M / Orel (Eagle) R-353 / Proton R-355 Base Station Controller
Strizh (Swift) spy radio set, based on the R-394KM Russian R11-PA valve-based body-wearable direction finder Soyka (USSR) Filin (USSR) Sinitsa (USSR) Radio Direction Finder for 121.5 MHz distress beacons Cold War wire-line bug detector (USSR) Russian countermeasures receiver for the 100 MHz to 12 GHz frequency range
The Thing, also known as The Great Seal Bug, planted by the USSR in the office of the American Ambassador. Transistorized Russian bug used by the KGB around 1964 Soviet bug inside IBM Selectric typewriter - Operation GUNMAN Yachta (Soviet clone of Nagra SNST) Soviet covert wire recorder MEZON Soviet covert radio S-20 (Neva) with valves (tubes) and transistors Soviet covert radio T-47/50 (Kama) Acacia (Akatsiya) S-9 (C-9) body-worn covert radio
62R1 (Chaika) body-wearable covert VHF transceiver Kaira body-wearable covert radio (USSR) Kopchik aperiodic surveillance detection receiver Embedded microphones used by the KGB, the GRU and the FSB
Known KGB equipment
Cipher machines
Spy radio sets
TSCM equipment
Covert radios
Covert recorders
  1. The Thing, also known as The Great Seal Bug, LOSS, RAINDEER and Северный олень.
  2. As the official name is unknown, this nickname is suggested by us.

  1. Wikipedia, KGB
    Retrieved November 2018.
Further information
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Crypto Museum. Created: Wednesday 07 November 2018. Last changed: Wednesday, 24 July 2019 - 14:32 CET.
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