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NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation - this page is a stub

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) — French: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord (OTAN) — also known as North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries. The organisation implements the North Atlantic Treaty – signed on 4 April 1949 – and has its headquarters in Evere (Brussels, Belgium), whilst the headquarters of the Allied Command Operations (SHAPE) is near Mons (Belgium) [1]. It is the successor to the Western Union (WU), also known as Brussels Treaty Organisation (BTO) [3].



NATO equipment on this website
Combined Cipher machine
CCM
KL-7 rotor-based cipher machine (USA)
TSEC/KW-7 (Orestes)
Secure Telephone Unit
KG-84 data encryptor
RACE (KL-51)
Aroflex UA-8116
British/Canadion one-time tape cipher machine used during and after WWII
ATCRRM mixer machine used on the Washing-Moscow hotline
Ecolex-II
Ecolex-IV
Spendex-40 secure telephone for voice, fax and computer
Thales TCE-621/B link encryptor
Thales TCE-621/M Mobile IP encryptor
Picoflex UA-8035
Elcrovox 1/4D narrow band voice and data terminal (STU-II compatible)
Telefunken ECHOTEL HF Modem ETM-1820
Telefunken spy set FS-5000
Key transfer devices (fill gun)
Autovon telephone network
Raytheon IST-2 secure telephone
NERA VR-2B microwave receiver for passive listening device
SINA bulk encryptor for IP-based networks
AN/KOI-18 Key Tape Reader
AN/KYK-13 Key Transfer Device
AN/CYZ-10 Data Transfer Device
The U-229/U connector and its variants
Members
  • Albania
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • North Macedonia
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Türkiye
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
     
    = Founding member on 4 April 1949.

Member plan
  • Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Sweden
Application for membership
  • Georgia
  • Ukraine


Radio frequencies
Within NATO, there are several ways to identify a specific frequency band, some of which stem from the Cold War era. Although these band designators are now obsolete, they are still used in practice. Below are some of the designator systems used by NATO. In addition, regular ITU band designators like HF, VHF and UHF are also used, as are IEEE band designators.

Cold War band assignment
Band Frequency Remark
A 0 - 250 MHz VLF, LF, MF, HF, VHF — fixed/mobile comms, navigation
B 250 - 500 MHz VHF, UHF — fixed/mobile comms, satellite, meteo, nav.
C 500 - 1000 MHz UHF — fixed/mobile comms, radiolocation
D 1 - 2 GHz UHF — aeronautical comms, radio navigation, satellite
E 2 - 3 GHz UHF — fixed/mobile comms, radiolocation, nav. satellite
F 3 - 4 GHz SHF — radiolocation
G 4 - 6 GHz SHF — fixed/mobile comms, radiolocation
H 6 - 8 GHz SHF — fixed/mobile satellite
I 8 - 10 GHz SHF — radiolocation
J 10 - 20 GHz SHF — fixed/mobile comms, radiolocation
K 20 - 40 GHz SHF, EHF — fixed/mobile satellite, radiolocation
L 40 - 60 GHz EHF — fixed/mobile satellite, radiolocation
M 60 - 100 GHz EHF — fixed/mobile satellite, radiolocation
N 100 - 200 GHz US Military / SACLANT
Unknown origin
  1. 225 - 400 MHz
  2. 610 - 960 MHz
  3. 1350 - 1850 MHz
  4. 1350 - 2700 MHz
  5. 4400 - 5000 MHz
Documentation
  1. NATO Joint civil/military Frequency Agreement (NJFA) 2002
    NATO, 2 December 2002. Unclassified.
References
  1. NATO Website
    Retrieved April 2020.

  2. Wikipedia, NATO
    Retrieved April 2020.

  3. Wikipedia, Western Union (alliance)
    Retrieved September 2021.
Further information
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© Crypto Museum. Created: Monday 11 May 2020. Last changed: Sunday, 14 April 2024 - 11:21 CET.
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