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RVV
Raad van Verzet - this page is a stub

During World War II (WWII), Raad van Verzet (English: Resistance Council), commonly abbreviated RV, RVV or RvV, was one of three 1 important clandestine resistance organisations in The Nether­lands, founded on 1 May 1943 at the initiative of Jan Thijssen — head of the Binnenlandse Radio­dienst (BR) – the Internal Radio Service – of another resistance organisation: the Ordedienst (OD).

Resistance Council in the Kingdom of The Netherlands

The organisation acted as an advisory and service-providing umbrella organisation for a variety of local resistance organisations throughout the country – that kept their autonomy – advocating a more active kind of resistance than did the OD, such as sabotage, strikes and armed resistance. The RVV was officially founded on 1 May, at the house of Henk van Beek at Stationsstraat 28a in Amersfoort, by Jan Thijssen and seven others. The official seat was Amsterdam, but until late 1943, most of the meetings were held in Laren, where Thijssen and his wife were in hiding [1].

Prior to establishing the RVV, Thijssen 2 had created a large network of clandestine radio stations throughout the country for the OD, which he more or less regarded as his property. The purpose of the OD was to activate itself as soon as the end of the war was imminent, and maintain contact with the Dutch Government in exile in London. But Thijssen advocated a more active form of resistance and ran into conflict with the Chief of Staff of the OD, jhr. Pieter Jacob Six [3].

After a series of incidents and conflicts with the Chief of Staff of the OD — Thijssen used radio equipment, crystals and code material from the OD for his own RVV radio network — the Chief of Staff expelled him from the OD on 31 December 1943. Thijssen then immediately started to build a new radio network 3 for the RVV, which – again – he would later regard as his property.

In October 1944, following the liberation of Eindhoven in the south of the Netherlands, the three major resistance organisations – OD, RVV and LKP – were integrated with the newly established Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (BS) – the Internal Armed Forces – placed under control of His Royal Highness Prins Bernhard. Unwilling to give up control over 'his' radio service, Thijssen ran into conflict with the BS and was expelled from the RVV on 1 November 1944. Unfortunately, a week later Thijssen accidentally fell into German hands. He was interrogated for several months and was finally executed on 8 March 1945 at Woeste Hoeve, along with 116 other resistance fighters, less than two months before the end of the war.

  1. The other two being Ordedienst (OD) and Landelijke Knokploegen (LKP).
  2. Within the OD known by the codename KAREL or LANGE JAN.
  3. There were overlaps. Some radio operators worked for the OD as well.

Founders
  • Jan Thijssen
  • Jan Brouwer
  • Johan Doorn
  • Andries Graafhuis
  • Gerrit Kleinveld
  • Dick van der Meer 1
  • Willem Santema
  • Johan Engel
  1. One moth later replaced by Gerben Wagenaar.

Regions
As the radio service of the RVV was established by Jan Thijssen, who was also the head of the radio service of the OD, it is assumed that the RVV had divided The Netherlands into the same 19 Regions as the OD. The borders of the regions mostly follow the borders of the provinces, but there are several exceptions. Especially the larger provinces (e.g. Noord-Brabant and Gelderland) and the densely populated area around Amsterdam were sub-divided into smaller regions.

RVV regions in The Netherlands during WWII
RVV regions in The Netherlands during WWII

Each region had a number, a name and a 'capital', as listed below. The Region number was usually prefixed with the letter 'G' for Gewest, the Dutch word for Region. For example: Groningen would be identified as G2, Amsterdam as G10 and Eindhoven as G18.

  1. Friesland
    Leeuwarden
  2. Groningen
    Groningen
  3. Drenthe
    Assen
  4. Overijssel
    Zwolle
  5. Achterhoek
    Zutphen
  6. Veluwe
    Apeldoorn
  7. Betuwe
    Arnhem
  8. Utrecht
    Utrecht
  9. Het Gooi
    Hilversum
  10. Amsterdam
    Amsterdam
  11. Noord-Holland 1
    Alkmaar
  12. Haarlem
    Haarlem
  13. Zuid-Holland
    's-Gravenhage (The Hague)
  14. Rotterdam
    Rotterdam
  15. Zeeland
    Middelburg
  16. West Noord-Brabant
    Breda
  17. Oost Noord-Brabant
    's-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch)
  18. Eindhoven
    Eindhoven
  19. Limburg
    Venlo (and Maastricht)
  1. Also known as Noorderkwartier.

Video
The footage below shows resistance figher Pierre Antoine Coronel operating a clandestine transmitter for the RVV, at the attic of a house at Beethovenstraat in Amsterdam (Netherlands) during the war. He was filmed by the inhabitant F.F.J. Taylor, who was also his assistent. This footage is unique in that it was actually recorded during the war, rather than being staged after the war. Pierre Coronel was executed by the Germans on 25 February 1945, at the age of 30 [4].


This video footage was retrieved from the website of the Resistance Museum in Amsterdam [5].


References
  1. Wikipedia, Raad van Verzet
    Retrieved Januari 2021 (in Dutch language).

  2. Wikipedia, Jan Thijssen (verzetsstrijder)
    Retrieved December 2020 (in Dutch language).

  3. Wikipedia (Netherlands), Pieter Jacob Six
    Retrieved December 2020.

  4. Eerebegraafplaats Bloemendaal, Pierre Antoine Coronel
    Retrieved January 2021.

  5. Verzetsmuseum Amsterdam, Morseboodschap
    20 September 2018.
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Crypto Museum. Created: Friday 01 January 2021. Last changed: Thursday, 25 February 2021 - 07:26 CET.
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