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Spy radio sets
Clandestine radio sets

Ever since the invention of radio, people have been trying to use transmitters and receivers for secret communication. In times of war, spies, agents and the resistance would use such secret communication to contact their home office or government and send important information to them. Such secret communication systems are often called Spy Radio Sets, or Spy Sets for short.

We are well aware that the term Spy Sets is not always correct. The equipment described in this section was also used by secret agents, Special Forces (SF), embassies, diplomatic services, resistance groups, stay-behind organisations and others. However, as it has become a popular expression, we call all of them Spy Sets here.

Please note that we are not trying to present a complete overview of all spy radio sets that have ever been used in the world. We only describe the sets that we have in our own collection, or that we've been able to research. That said, we do show a rather representative cross-section of the many different spy radios out there, and we try to describe them to the best of our abilities and provide as much information as possible.

For a complete list of the spy sets covered on this website, please check our index, or click any of the thumbnail images below. For those interested in the mysterious Number Stations on the SW-bands, please check our OWVL-page.

 Index of spy sets
Nice picture of a Type 3 Mk II (B2) in action. Unfortunately, we still don't have this set in our collection

If you can provide additional information on certain items, please do not hesitate to contact us. If you have any surplus documentation or equipment, or if you have an item that is listed on our wanted page, please contact us directly. We look forward to hearing from you.

Spy sets used and/or created by the USA
Spy sets created and or used by the former USSR (Russia) or Warsaw Pact Spy sets created and/or used by the UK (during and after WWII)
Spy sets made in (or used by) France Spy sets developed in Germany before, during and after WWII Spy sets developed or used in the former DDR (East-Germany)
Spy sets developed and built by the Poles in the UK (during WWII) Hungarian spy radio sets
Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia The Netherlands (stay-behind)
Belgium Japanese miniature 94-6 VHF transceiver (WWII) Spy sets that do not fall into any of the othe categories
World War II R-353 / Proton Spy radio sets used by Stay-Behind Organisations (SBO), also known as 'Gladio'. Special Forces (SF), also known as Special Operations Forces (SOF)
Short Range Agent Communication One-Way Voice Links (OWVL), also known as the mysterious Numbers Stations. Stand-alone receivers
Other clandestine equipment
Please note that this part of the website only deals with transmitters and receivers used for clandestine operations, commonly referred to as spy radios. In reality however, many other electronic devices have been used in clandestine warfare, such as equipment used for tracking enemy transmitters (direction finders), intercept receivers, TSCM equipment, covert radios, burst encoders, spy cameras, concealed recorders and much more. Information about these additional devices can be found elsewhere on this website.

RBZ receiver (WWII)
RS-1 (AN/GRC109) RS-6 AN/PRC-64 and Delco 5300 TAR-224A spy radio set 4-piece (or 2-piece) valve-based spy radio set German spy set SP-15 Dutch version of the SP-15 with synthesizer
German spy set SP-20 Racal PRM-4150 The famous Type 3 Mark II, also known as the B2
The UK Type A Mk. III (A3) Mk. 119 Mk. 122 Mk. 123 Mk. 301 Receiver
Mk. 328 Receiver The UK Type 36/1 (MCR-1) Belgian post-war version of the UK Type 36/1 (MCR-1), made by MBLE (Philips) Philips ZO-47, used by Dutch stay-behind from 1947 onwards Norwegian Receiver Type 31/1 (Sweetheart) Swedish built clandestine WW-II receiver (used by Norwegian resistance) Polish OP-3 (Type 30/1) WW-II clandestine receiver Japanese miniature 94-6 VHF transceiver (WW-II)
Kyynel M-10X Finnish/Swedish spy radio set (WW-II) Rion spy radio set R-350 / Orel (Eagle) R-350M / Orel (Eagle) R-353 / Proton R-354 / Shmel (Bumblebee) R-394 K / Strizh (Swift) R-394 KM / Strizh (Swift)
Strizh (Swift) - based on the R-394KM Severok-K AEG Telefunken SE-6861 (LAPR) Special Forces radio station AN/PRC-319 (BA-1302) Telefunken spy set FS-5000 Russian R-355 Base Station Controller Swedish R-190 special forces radio Sony ICF-2001D receiver that was used by some Soviet spies in the West
Zenith Royal 1000 Trans-Oceanic receiver BN-48 (UHU) backup receiver
AP-5 spy radio set, developed by the Poles in the UK BP-3 spy radio set developed by the Poles in the UK BP-5 spy radio set developed by the Poles in the UK PLUTO spy radio set (1958) SIRIUS spy radio set (1962) PIVOŇKA automatic morse keyer
50W transmitter used in Congo 20W transmitter used in Angola 200W radio station used in Congo and Kurdistan (North Iraque) FM broadcast propaganda transmitter Hungarian AK-20 spy radio set Czechoslovakian VHF or UHF bug receiver Single-piece version of the RTP-8/SSB spy radio set Three-piece RTP8-SSB/3 spy radio set
Abwehr 20W base station transmitter S-87/20 Abwehr 5W transmitter Abwehr base station transmitter S-90/40 Abwehr spy radio set SE-98/3 Abwehr spy radio set SE-109/3 Berger BE-20/3 three-piece radio set (Austria) Telefunken ESK-52 (made the French intelligence services) BND short-wave converter
Rion spy radio set Portable Communications Receiver (PCR)
RS-59 modular spy radio station Tensor 4-piece spy radio set (USSR) QRC-222 suitcase spy radio set (1964) Radione R3 receiver
DDR spy radio set 'Type 2' BCRA transmitter
French TR-TG-2A spy radio set

 Index of spy sets

Full duplex UHF radio for resistance communication and air droppings FS-8 (KSG-Sender) (transmitter) developed by the BND in 1957 Kyynel M-10X Finnish/Swedish spy radio set (WW-II) CDS-501 short-range agent communications RS-804 satellite message burst transmitter CIA surveillance receiver SSR-100
Further information
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© Crypto Museum. Created: Monday 03 August 2009. Last changed: Sunday, 24 November 2019 - 10:28 CET.
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