Gentleman's Agreement →
The secret purchase of Crypto AG by BND and CIA
THESAURUS 1 (later: RUBICON), was a secret operation of the
German Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND)
US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA),
to purchase the Swiss crypto manufacturer
Crypto AG (Hagelin)
— codenamed MINERVA —
in order to control the company, its algorithms and
– indirectly – its customers.
From 12 June 1970 2 onwards, Crypto AG was jointly owned by
BND, each with 50% of the shares, and from
30 June 1994 exclusively by the CIA.
It was already known from the so-called
Friedman Collection – that was
partially released by the NSA in 2014 – that some kind of
existed between the NSA
and Crypto AG annex
probably resulting from their cooperation
But as the released documents were heavily redacted, much of the
In February 2020, journalists Peter F. Müller and Ulrich Stoll of the
German television station ZDF,
and Greg Miller of the American newspaper
The Washington Post,
were able to fill in the gaps in the
and much more, based on internal CIA
and BND documents to which they had access. After an investigation that took
well over one year, and involved experts in five countries, it was revealed
that since 1970, BND
and CIA had been the real owners of
Together with the Dutch investigative
VPRO radio program Argos,
took part in the investigation and was able to advise on technical matters.
Discover how CIA
turned Crypto AG from a simple denial operation
into an active measures operation.
Learn which rolls were played by the
Deutsche Treuhand Gesellschaft (KPMG),
a Liechtenstein law firm,
and Swedish intelligence.
The following story is – in the words of the CIA – about:
The Intelligence Coup of the Century
Over the course of the next few days and weeks, several media will report
about Operation RUBICON and will reveal more details. Crypto Museum will
follow suit with further details and technical backgrounds.
Many pages on this website will be updated soon and some have been
rewritten completely, to reflect the new information.
Here is some news to watch out for:
Other #cryptoleaks revelations
Any links shown in red are currently unavailable.
If you like the information on this website, why not make a donation?|
© Crypto Museum. Created: Thursday 12 December 2019. Last changed: Sunday, 23 February 2020 - 21:15 CET.