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Enigma Museum in Poznań (Poland)
Enigma education centre to be opened in 2019

For a number of years, the Polish region of Wielkopolska and the city of Poznan have put a lot of effort into bringing the Polish contribution of breaking the Enigma cipher, to the attention of the international public. A dedicated exhibition – Enigma, Decipher Victory – has been created for this purpose, and has made a 12-year tour throughout Poland, Europe and the rest of the world [1].

In 2011, the mini Enigma exhibition was in Breda (Netherlands) for several months, and our Crypto Museum supplied an original Enigma-I and the Polish version of the Fialka cipher machine for it.

In the following years, the organisers have been lobbying nationally and internationally, with the intent of creating an educational centre in the city of Poznań, dedicated to the mathematicians who broke the Enigma cipher as early as 1932. For this purpose a promotional container in the shape of an Enigma machine was placed in front of the original university building in Poznan.
  
The Enigma container in from of the original university building where Rejewski, Růzycki and Zigalski studied mathematics

The building now houses a cultural centre, but still serves as an important crypto landmark, as the monument that commemorates the three Polish mathematicians — Marian Rejewski, Jerzy Rózycki and Henryk Zygalski — is located right in front of it. Inside the container is a complete timeline of important events in the history of the development of the rotor cipher machine, and the Enigma in particular. It also holds a number of interactive displays that offer children and adults a way of getting acquainted with some early forms of — simple — manual cipher methods.

The Enigma container was developed with help of Szymon Dąbrowski, who is also one of the people behind the International Cryptology Game at CODEBREAKERS.EU. Approximately 100 people visit the container on an average day, with more than double that amount during the weekends. Eventually, the container will travel around Poland and perhaps also through Europe.

On Monday 13 November 2017, an agreement was signed for the development of an Enigma Education Centre in the city of Poznan, for which a suitable location and funding had been found.
  
The official ceremony at which the papers for the cooperation between the eight towns were signed

The new centre will be located at the first floor of the building that is just visible at the right edge of the photograph at the top of this page, just across the street from the original university building where the three men studied. Following this, another agreement was signed at a mini-conference a week later — on Monday 20 November 2017 — to secure the cooperation of eight Polish towns that are connected to the Polish cryptological successes. The agreement was signed by Mr. Marek Woźniak — the Marshal of Wielkopolska — and the majors of the eight Polish towns.

The image above was taken at the event on 20 November 2017, and shows the Marshal of the region of Wielkopolska — Mr. Marek Woźniak — amidst the majors of the eight towns (listed below), holding the agreement that has just been signed. The new Enigma Education Centre in Poznań is scheduled to be opened in late 2019.

At the conference in Poznań, several speakers gave their view on the integration of encryption with mathematics in the national curriculum of Polish schools, in order to raise a permanent awareness for security in our current society.
  
Paul Reuvers (left) and Marc Simons (right) talking about the Crypto Museum activities

Our good friend and author Klaus Schmeh from Germany, gave a lecture on the history of the rotor cipher machine, whilst Crypto Museum curators Marc Simons and Paul Reuvers held a talk about their experiences with the Crypto Museum collection, its website and its activities. Also speaking on the day was the author of many fine books on the subject — Dr. Marek Grajek.

The monument for the three Polish codebreakers The Enigma information container in front of the original university building Klaus Schmeh, one with the Polish mathematicians, at the Enigma container in Poznan The official ceremony at which the papers for the cooperation between the eight towns were signed The official ceremony at which the papers for the cooperation between the eight towns were signed Polish author Dr. Marek Grajek speaking at the conference Author and blogger Klaus Schmeh explaining the history of the rotor-based cipher machine Paul Reuvers (left) and Marc Simons (right) talking about the Crypto Museum activities
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The monument for the three Polish codebreakers
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The Enigma information container in front of the original university building
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Klaus Schmeh, one with the Polish mathematicians, at the Enigma container in Poznan
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The official ceremony at which the papers for the cooperation between the eight towns were signed
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The official ceremony at which the papers for the cooperation between the eight towns were signed
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Polish author Dr. Marek Grajek speaking at the conference
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Author and blogger Klaus Schmeh explaining the history of the rotor-based cipher machine
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Paul Reuvers (left) and Marc Simons (right) talking about the Crypto Museum activities


Future developments and information about the new Polish Enigma Education Centre an initiatives in the other Polish towns that are involved, will be announced on this page as and when they emerge. So, visit this page regularly.


Important locations
In the papers that were signed in Poznan on 20 November 2017, it was agreed that the following eight locations will cooperate in future projects to bring the Polish cryptological successes to the attention of the public.

Map of Poland showing the eight locations that are linked to the Polish cryptographic history

  1. Szamotuły
    Hometown of Colonel Maksimilian Ciężki
  2. Pobiedziska
    Hometown of Antoni Palluth 1 — AVA engineer
  3. Poznań
    Hometown of Henryk Zygalski and location of the crypto course
  4. Bydgoszcz
    Hometown of Marjan Rejewski
  5. Wyszków
    Where Jerzy Różycki took his secondary school exams
  6. Warsawa
    Main seat of the Polish Cipher Bureau (all were moved here in 1932)
  7. Sosnowiec
    Danilewicz brothers and Thadeus Heftman (AVA company) 1
  8. Cieszyn
    Hometown of Colonel Guido Langer 2
  1. Antoni Palluth and the Danilewicz brothers were the owners of the AVA company that built equipment for the Polish Cipher Bureau, such as the Polish Enigma Clone. They also made early Polish Pipsztock spy radio set developed by Thadeus Heftman.
  2. Colonel Guido Langer was the head of the Polish Cipher Bureau from 1930 onwards.

References
  1. Wielkopolska Region, Enigma. Decipher Victory
    Retrieved November 2017.

  2. Poznań Enigma Museum on Facebook
    Retrieved November 2017.
Further information
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© Crypto Museum. Created: Wednesday 22 November 2017. Last changed: Thursday, 23 November 2017 - 12:02 CET.
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